History-Memory-Folklore

REPORT OF ADJUTANT E. C. CALDWELL,
5th Regiment Indiana Legion.



Headquarters 5th Reg’t. Ind. Legion,
Leavenworth, July 25th, 1863.


Laz. Noble, Adjutant General Indiana, Indianapolis, Ind.:

 Sir:—In pursuance of your request, I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the Crawford county forces in the recent pursuit of the invaders of our own State, under Morgan. On the morning of the 8th inst., Captain G. W. Lyon, with one piece of ordnance, in connection with a small squad of infantry from this (Harrison) county, disputed the crossing of Morgan’s men at Brandenburg, the particulars of which are herewith furnished in a report made to me by Captain George W. Lyon; from which report you will see that our gun, gun-carriage and limber-box were lost; the limber and other fixtures were saved. The following is a description of the gun: “Caliber, 3-inch rifle; heavily stamped, ‘No. 422.’ ” The news of the repulse of our forces at Brandenburg, and the loss of our cannon, and the subsequent crossing of Morgan’s entire command, brought together at this point over 500 men; and we having learned that the rebels were marching on Corydon, started early on the morning of the 9th in that direction. Two hundred of our men, who were mounted under Captain Lamb, went in the direction of Mauckport, near where the rebels crossed over; the remaining force, in command of Captain N. N. Morgan and myself, took the road to Corydon. When within about 3 miles of Corydon, we were informed that the enemy had taken Corydon, and were moving in the direction of Leavenworth, by the road we were on. We at once selected the most available position, felled timber across the road, and placed ourselves in ambush, and prepared to receive them. We were, in a short time, joined by Captain Lamb’s command, who, having, learned that Morgan had gone to Corydon, and was marching in the direction of Leavenworth, abandoned his route, and came through to reinforce our command. We remained here for the night, resting on our arms. At daylight, we took up our line of march in the direction we started out, arriving at Corydon about 9, A. M. The enemy had gone in the direction of Salem. We awaited at Corydon the arrival of General Hobson’s forces, who arrived about 11, A. M., to whom we at once reported for duty. He ordered Our cavalry in his advance, and our infantry in the direction of Now Albany. We (the infantry) immediately started in the direction ordered. When within about one mile of Edwardsville, we were halted by Major Sabin’s pickets; and, having reported ourselves, were, by the Major, ordered to remain for the night, (it being then 1 o’clock at night,) outside of his lines. An alarm was sounded in about one-half hour from the time of our halting; and, in pursuance of orders, we resumed our march in the direction of New Albany, where we arrived about daylight. We reported to Major Fry, who ordered us to report to Colonel McCurdy, at Camp Noble, near New Albany, where we remained awaiting further orders until the 15th inst., when we were ordered to return to Leavenworth—the information having been received that a detached squad of the guerrillas were in that vicinity, committing their usual depredations. We were promptly furnished with transportation, by the river, and two pieces of artillery. We arrived at Leavenworth without accident; the men, however, were very much fatigued. The report of the guerrillas being in the vicinity was without foundation.

 A most worthy citizen of our county, (Lieutenant Calvin Martin,) has since died, in consequence of disease contracted during the march.

 Reports of the exact number, and names of the persons engaged, and the length of time served, and, also, as to subsistence, etc., furnished, will be forwarded as early as practicable.

 Great praise is due, and should be given, to the citizens of this and all other counties through which we passed, for the kind treatment shown us, and their extraordinary efforts to render us comfortable.

 I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your ob’t. serv’t,



 ED. C. CALDWELL,
Adjutant 5th Reg’t. Indiana Legion.



P. S.—Our cavalry, under Captain Lamb, (above referred to,) followed in pursuit as far as Harrison, Ohio, where they were discharged by Colonel Dunham. This fact I omitted in my report above.

E. C. C.